What is DDOS Mitigation? A Basic Guide for 2021


For companies globally, cyber-attacks have been a way of life. According to an analysis by Radware, ninety-eight percent of organizations worldwide have confirmed witnessing a cyber threat. DDoS attacks, which are difficult to protect against and potentially expensive, will result in website and network outages, corrupted data, and missed revenue for large and small organizations. In this article, we will learn, DDOS mitigation, DDOS attack mitigation, DDOS mitigation appliances, DDOS mitigation techniques, and DDOS mitigation strategies.

In this article let us look at:

  1. What is DDOS Mitigation?
  2. Choosing a service for DDoS Mitigation
  3. How to identify a DDoS attack?

1. What is DDOS mitigation?

DDoS stands for Distributed Service Denial. A targeted victim can minimize the incoming attack by using specially built network equipment or a cloud-based security tool. For corporations and organizations, DDoS is a major threat since it can be very destructive.

What are DDoS attacks capable of doing, then? By either bombarding them with a request that looks legitimate but is not valid or flooding the database with data, they knock down websites and servers. Concentrated and automatic attempts to flood a target network with a large number of requests are DDoS attacks that make it pointless. Hackers achieve this by launching a sequence of data packets to the target computing device at a very high pace before it starts to slow or totally hit its downtime.

2. Choosing a service for DDoS mitigation

When considering a mitigation contractor, there are many other main factors that you must remember. They include:

1) Network capacity: A perfect way to benchmark a DDoS mitigation service remains the network capacity. During an attack, it represents the total scalability available to you. Many cloud-based mitigation platforms provide multi-Tbps network bandwidth, far above what could ever be expected for any particular customer. On the other hand, on-premise DDoS mitigation appliances are capped by default, both by the scale of the network pipe of an enterprise and the internal hardware power.

2) Processing Capacity: In addition to throughput capacity, the processing capacities of the mitigation solution should also be taken into account. They are expressed in Mpps by forwarding speeds, calculated in (millions of packets per second). An attack exceeding the computing capacity of your mitigation company will topple its protections, which is why you should urgently inquire about such a restriction.

3) Latency: It is important to realize that legitimate traffic to the website or application can move through the network of the DDoS provider at any point:

  • When DDoS resources are on request, when an attack happens, traffic switches to the DDoS provider.
  • If DDoS networks are still on (which has immense benefits), all the traffic can move through the servers of the provider.

4) Time for Mitigation: Time for mitigation is crucial after an attack has been identified. In a matter of minutes, most attacks can knock down a goal, and the period of healing can take hours. Your company will theoretically suffer the detrimental effects of such downtime for weeks and months to come. Always-on systems provide a distinct benefit here by offering preemptive monitoring. They offer near-instant mitigation, frequently defending organizations during any attack from the first salvo. Look for a solution that can respond in seconds to an attack.

5) Network Layer Mitigation: DDoS attacks on the network layer are volumetric in nature; they rely on very large-scale traffic that can inflict greater infrastructure harm. To mitigate network threats, there are many approaches that DDoS providers use. Both these approaches seek to distinguish legitimate traffic from malicious traffic, to get rid of malicious packets while allowing them to reach their destination with legitimate packets.

6) Application Layer Mitigation: DDoS assaults on the application layer are far more stealthy than their equivalents on the network layer, usually mimicking legitimate user traffic to evade security steps. Your solution should be able to profile incoming HTTP/S traffic to avoid them, discriminating between DDoS bots and actual visitors.

3. How to identify a DDoS attack?

A web or application unexpectedly being sluggish or inaccessible is the most evident symptom of a DDoS attack. But because such a genuine increase in traffic will produce related performance problems for various reasons, further analysis is typically needed. You will spot any of these telltale signs of a DDoS assault with traffic analytics tools:

  • Suspicious volumes of traffic from a particular Internet address or IP set.
  • A flood of user traffic that shares a single behavioral profile, such as system model, geolocation, or version of the web browser.
  • An unexpected increase in single-page or endpoint requests.


DDoS mitigation refers to the mechanism by which a targeted server or network is successfully shielded from a distributed denial of service (DDoS) attack. A targeted victim can minimize the incoming attack by using specially built network equipment or a cloud-based security tool. Attacks by DDoS have become a commodity. DDoS attacks have never been as popular, effective or lucrative, due to the proliferation of DDoS-as-a-Service software on the Darknet, the increased insecurity of IoT devices and the subsequent emergence of botnets, and financially driven hackers launching ransomware campaigns. Solutions for DDoS security and DDoS prevention have never been more significant.

So, have you made up your mind to make a career in Cyber Security? Visit our Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Red Team) for further help. It is the first program in offensive technologies in India and allows learners to practice in a real-time simulated ecosystem, that will give you an edge in this competitive world.



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