SAP Security: An Easy Guide(2021)


Associations utilising SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products) as their business application or ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) framework frequently store their most basic resources, including intellectual properties inside SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products). This information should be shielded against unapproved access starting from both inside and outside the association. SAP frameworks require security monitoring and extensive protection.

In this article let us look at:

  1. What is SAP Security?
  2. Security Concepts for SAP
  3. SAP Security for Mobile SAP Apps
  4. SAP Security Best Practices Checklist
  5. SAP Security Architecture

1. What is SAP Security?

There are different angles to SAP Security, like database security, operating system security, network security, and infrastructure security. The following layer is secure code, which incorporates keeping up SAP Security and SAP Code in custom code. A safe arrangement of SAP servers is necessary.

SAP Security covers data security, security in terms of system communication, enablement of security logging, and a server’s configuration. Authorizations and users are no less critical. Generally, it is vital for ensuring framework consistency with the assistance of continuous audits, monitoring, and the foundation of emergency ideas.

SAP HANA Security protects significant information from unapproved access and guarantees that the norms and consistency fulfill as security guidelines embraced by the organization.

SAP Cyber Security intended to give associations constant knowledge about suspicious movement in their SAP frameworks. Identify programmers and noxious conduct before any damage is done.

2. Security Concepts for SAP

The following are the main SAP Security Concepts:

  • SAP Cryptographic Library:

It is the default encryption item conveyed by SAP. SAP Cryptographic Library is utilised for giving SNC or Secure Network Communication between different SAP server segments.

  • Web-AS Security (Enterprise Portal Security, SSL, Load Balancing):

Secure Socket Layer or SSL is a standard security innovation for setting up an encrypted link between a client and server. With Secure Socket Layer, you can confirm the communication partners (client and server) by deciding the encryption factors.

  • STAD Data:

Exchange codes are the front way to gain admittance to SAP’s usefulness. It gives protection from unapproved exchange access. Does it track data like who got to certain basic usefulness? Furthermore, when? It can be utilised to maintain, audit, analyse and monitor up the SAP Security concepts.

  • Network Basics (Network Ports, DMZ, Firewalls, and SAP Router):

The essential security devices that SAP utilises are SAP Router, Network Ports, DMZ, Firewalls, and so on. A firewall is an arrangement of hardware and software segments that characterise the connections that should pass forth and back between communication accomplices. SAP Router and SAP Web dispatcher are instances of application-level gateways that you can utilise for sifting SAP network traffic.

  • Audit Information System: 

AIS or Audit Information System is an auditing device that you can utilise to break down the security parts of your SAP framework in detail. Audit Information System is intended for systems audits and business audits. Artificial intelligence presents its data in the Audit InfoStructure.

  • Single Sign-On: 

Its work empowers you to configure similar client credentials to get to different SAP frameworks. It assists with diminishing security risk and administrative costs related to keeping up various client credentials.

  • ITS or Internet Transaction Server Security:

To make the SAP framework application accessible for access from an internet browser, a middleware segment known as ITS is utilised. The Internet Transaction Server design has many underlying security highlights, like running the Agate and Wgate on independent hosts.

3. SAP Security for Mobile SAP Apps

SAP applications are currently accessible on mobile with an increment in users of mobile. Yet, this openness is a likely threat. The greatest threat for an SAP application is the risk of a worker losing significant information about clients.

A portion of the well-known mobile SAP Security suppliers is SAP Hana cloud, SAP Mobile Academy, SAP NetWeaver Gateway, and SAP Afaria.

4. SAP Security Best Practices Checklist

Checklists for SAP Security are:

  • Landscape architecture and network settings assessment.
  • Assessment of consistency with OWASP, DSAG, ISACA, SAP standards.
  • Operating system security evaluation where SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products) is conveyed.
  • Transport and change strategy appraisal.
  • DBMS security evaluation.
  • Inside appraisal of access control.
  • Evaluation of SAP parts like SAP GUI, SAP Router, SAP Portal, SAP Messenger Server, SAP Gateway.
  • SAP NetWeaver security evaluation.

5. SAP Security Architecture

Organizations routinely face threats from outside the firewall through digital assaults – that is the reason you should construct a complete SAP security architecture inside the firewall to build both sustainable and agile data protection.

Making an equilibrium of controls, risks and access among workers are significant in overseeing risk. Restricting information access may limit risk, yet without empowering access and consents to clients who need it, an association can get deadened.


SAP Security cycles can be dealt with by your inward IT group, and they may likewise require extra support or skills to deal with every one of the risks. Perhaps the best arrangement is to evaluate a portion of your monitoring SAP Security requirements to an outside security device.

So, have you made up your mind to make a career in Cyber Security? Visit our Master Certificate in Cyber Security (Red Team) for further help. It is the first program in offensive technologies in India and allows learners to practice in a real-time simulated ecosystem, that will give them an edge in this competitive world.


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