Thin Client: A Comprehensive Guide For 2021


In computer networking, a thin client is a modest computer that has been advanced for building up a remote connection with server-based computing. The server does the greater part of the work, which can incorporate storing data, performing calculations, and launching software programs. Thin clients are reasonable options in contrast to a standard computer for organizations that request a longer IT infrastructure lifespan, improved data security, energy efficiency, and demand flexibility. Its applications can be found in call centers, manufacturing plants, governments, schools, airline ticketing, and medical offices.

In this article let us look at:

  1. Advantages of Thin Client
  2. Disadvantages of Thin Client 
  3. History
  4. Architecture
  5. Hardware
  6. Software
  7. Fat Client and Thin Client
  8. Thin Client Setup

1. Advantages of Thin Client

  • Less energy
  • Simple hardware
  • Less clutter
  • Easy manageability
  • Less help desk calls
  • Lightweight OS
  • Improved productivity
  • Centralized administration
  • Remote work solution
  • Great ROI and TCO
  • Cost savings
  • Increased security
  • Scalability

2. Disadvantages of thin client 

  • High upfront costs
  • No offline working
  • Reduced response times
  • Server dependency
  • Network dependency

3. History

Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer or ENIAC was probably the earliest PC to be made for the US Army to tackle general mathematical issues. With time, the need to move from full-sized PCs to lightweight devices that can sit on a work area emerged, and thin client innovation was conceived.

The initial slim clients were utilized to interface with centralized server PCs, and these centralized servers would store programs and information. 

Slim client computing developed into a mature technology throughout the years as better graphics and security highlights were added to streamline endpoint execution and support considerably further developed jobs. A thin client example is settling virus infections where every computer is exclusively found.

4. Architecture

You may have run over the inquiry ‘What is Thin Client Architecture’ as a frequently rehashed one in the IT people group. It is fundamental to see how a Thin Client functions, and for this, we should analyse its software and hardware components.

5. Hardware

Thin Clients incorporate hardware with limited moving parts, memory, and low energy processors, and they offer better execution in requesting conditions contrasted with customary PCs. The hardware of these slim devices is intended to arrange for an incredible terminal server. Moreover, a thin-client is ordinarily one of many network PCs that share calculation needs by using a solitary server’s resources.

6. Software

Thin Client innovation smoothest out and simplifies desktop endpoint devices by limiting the software impression on the client-side. It comprises an OS that essentially diminishes client-side arrangement and by and large organization. The software permits the device to boot and interfaces it to the thin-client-server.

Normally, the cycle starts with booting the OS, after which the user gets the Internet Protocol address and sets different factors. Then, the framework connects with server-side processing through industry-standard items or protocols like browser-based, Remote Desktop Protocol, Citrix, and VMware availability.

A thin-client server comprises augmented support, minimal software maintenance, legacy hardware recycling, and secure access.

Clients at that point sign into the server utilizing server-side certifications. In this situation, they work on the server operating system and not the nearby operating system, which implies that they utilize the previous’ Hard Disk Drive, Random Access Memory, and Central Processing Unit.

7. Fat Client and Thin Client

Thin clients give a desktop experience in conditions where the end-client has a very much characterized and ordinary number of tasks for which the framework is utilized, while a fat client (thick client) will play out the majority of the handling in client/server applications.

Zero Clients vs Thin Clients additionally have distinctive connection types. Though the Thin-client will contain numerous virtual desktop infrastructure association types, dealt with a central utility, the Zero Client runs with a couple of connection types (Citrix or VMware normally) which can be halfway overseen (albeit this isn’t vital).

VDI or Virtual desktop infrastructure is described as the hosting of desktop conditions on a central server. It is a type of desktop virtualization, as the particular desktop pictures run inside virtual machines and are conveyed to end-users over a network. Those endpoints might be a computer or different gadgets, similar to tablets or thin-client terminals.

8. Thin client setup


Stage 1: Settle on an OS for your server. Most thin client environments utilise Linux or Microsoft on the server.

Stage 2: Buy a server that has the processor speed, hard drive capacity and necessary memory to run your thin client workstations.

Stage 3: Decide the software needed by individuals utilizing the workstations, including spreadsheets, word preparing programs, email and other common applications.


Thin Clients guarantee across businesses has set new principles for client assumptions for user devices. A definitive endpoint is consistently an all-around associated, low-maintenance and high-security device that offers users an advantageous choice to send virtual conditions.

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