Data Science Vs Computer Science – An Easy Differentiation Guide In 6 Points

Ajay Ohri


Data science vs computer science varies in terms of computation and data where data science is the field of researching, converting, storing, and processing distinct designs of huge volumes of data while computer science is the field of working techniques on data. To know data science vs computer science which is better for you, then read on to explore the distinct facets of data science and computer science and have a better understanding of them.

  1. What is data science?
  2. What is computer science?
  3. Definition
  4. History
  5. Principles
  6. List of differences between data science and computer science

1) What is data science?

Data science is an interdisciplinary domain in which knowledge and information are derived from the data using several scientific methods, algorithms, systems, and processes. Thus, it can be considered a combination of various mathematical tools, statistics, algorithms, and machine learning techniques that are used to discover the hidden patterns from the data, which helps in the process of decision-making. Data science involves studying historical trends and thus reconsidering present trends and also anticipating future trends. Data science deals with both unstructured and structured data.

2) What is computer science?

Computer science is defined as the study of computational principles and computers. It is considered as the study of the procedure of interacting with data as programs. Computer science deals with the study of both software and hardware and other components like the internet and networking. The software part of computer science deals with the study of programming principles and languages, whereas the hardware part of computer science deals with the study of the fundamental design of computers and their operating process. 

3) Definition

  • Data science definition 

As per Oracle, “Data science combines multiple fields, including statistics, data analysis, and scientific methods to extract value from data.” 

  • Computer science definition

As per Dr. Allen Tucker, Bowdoin College professor and Fulbright lecturer, ”Computer science is defined as the study of computers and algorithmic processes, including their principles, their applications, and their hardware and software designs.”

4) History

  • Data science history

Organizations started using data mining in the 1980s and by the 1990s, at a time when companies were already gathering proportionately huge amounts of personal customer data. The issue was that the technology required to handle this new inflow of information did not yet exist. Listings for data science jobs increased by a greater percentage in 2011. Nowadays,  jobs in data science are being created rapidly than colleges and universities can train data scientists.

  • Computer science history 

The first electronic digital computers were created in the 1940s to rationalize ballistics calculations and help crack codes. Scientists across the world rushed to create operational electronic digital computers that could store programs and data. Computer science emerged as an intellectual discipline in the 1960s. The computer revolution goes back to the 1980s; however, when personal computers became more common, businesses embraced the power of the PC. 

5) Principles

  • Data science principles

Data science is an evolving discipline. Some principles of data science include:  

  1. Countering the data-analytics complication
  2. Concrete objectives 
  3. Determination of accurate data sets and variables
  4. Experimentation 
  5. Statistical learning and Quantifiable end goals
  • Computer science principles

 Certain computer science principles are essential to multiple branches of the field. These include:

  1.  Levels of abstraction 
  2. Conceptual and formal models
  3. Ordering in space and time
  4. The complexity of large problems
  5. Completeness and consistency

6) List of differences between data science and computer science

To establish their particular identities such that it will be easier to differentiate between data science and computer science, we are highlighting the significant contrasting points between them, which are as follows:

  • Data science is mainly used for the management of data and data analysis. Whereas computer science is mainly used for the advancement and growth of technology.
  • The advantage of using data science is handling and maintaining large volumes of data while using computer science is the growth and development of technology. 
  • Data science is a subset of computer science that involves the study of data and its analysis. On the contrary, computer science is the superset of data science as it covers the entire technological field.


In conclusion, data science vs computer science are two distinct fields but come under the same general term when getting them to apply for using technologies. Data science lets us operate on the existing data to make it accessible for helpful purposes, whereas computer science enables us the view to use the technologies in the computation of data. As per data science vs computer science salary structure, data scientists on average make more than computer scientists due to the great demand for professionals who can manage the growing amounts of data being generated by businesses.

But nowadays, both the areas of computer science and data science are significant in all the technical facets where they are advancing and creating new opportunities as well as technologies with complex processes. The expanding technology world requires more of these areas for the purpose of further growth and the creation of some phenomenal inventions that ease human life.

If you are interested in making a career in the Data Science domain, our 11-month in-person Postgraduate Certificate Diploma in Data Science course can help you immensely in becoming a successful Data Science professional. 


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