Welcome to this Linux tutorial. Every computer has background software that helps in receiving and delivering the commands that the user feeds. Without a particular managing system, the computer will not be able to connect the hardware and the software. It basically speaks with the computer and provides instruction on what to perform. This manager is known as an operating system. Every desktop, laptop, server computer, gaming consoles, mobile phones, smartwatches and iPods are embedded with an operating system.
In this article about Linux tutorial, let us look at:
Now that this Linux tutorial has got you interested in learning Linux, let us get started from the basics. Linux is an operating system. So for those who are new to operating systems, it is the most essential software that helps the smooth running of the computer. The operating system plays a crucial role in connecting the user to their computer from managing the software, hardware, memory, and various programmes. Just like Microsoft and UNIX, Linux is one such open-source operating system. It receives the user’s command and delivers it to the respected programme or software that deals with hardware and other resources.
Developed in the early 1990s the Linux operating system was developed by the Free Software Foundation and Linus Torvalds.
Like any other operating system, Linux has a set of software that functions differently. The components are,
A proper Linux tutorial would be remiss if it didn’t compare Linux to its competing UNIX:
|Linux Distribution||Why Use It|
|Ubuntu:||This well known Linux distribution was developed in 2004. The main feature is that this can be used without a command line. This is the next version of Debian and can be used by amateurs. It has developed its own desktop environment known as unity.|
|Linux Mint:||It is similar to Ubuntu. Even though used as an alternative for Ubuntu earlier, now this has its own desktop environment such as cinnamon and mate|
|Debian:||it is considered to be one of the most stable distributions|
|RedHat:||It is a commercial distributor and the products are freely available. The products include RHEL and Fedora.|
|Fedora:||This focuses on providing the latest software versions. GNOME3 is its default desktop environment.|
Step 1: Download the Linux OS from Ubuntu or Mint. A single ISO file will be downloaded. This step is the first and foremost to start the installation process.
Step 2: Once the OS is installed, you need to create a bootable flash drive. This can be done using Rufus and download the portable version. Rufus is easy, fast and free to use.
Step 3: In the BOIS, find the boot or startup menu and select the ‘USB Drive’ or ‘Flash Drive’ in the boot order. Later save and exit.
Step 4: Once the Boot is completed, you have to choose whether this OS alone should be running the system or should it run along with the older OS.
The process for installing Linux is completed.
Linux Text Editors are used in numerous applications. They are for editing texts, updating user instruction files, coding, etc. There are two types of text editors namely, Command-Line text editor and GUI Text editors. The former include Vi, Nano, and pico, whereas the latter one includes Gedit and Kwrite.
List of Linux Commands
This brings us to the end of this Linux tutorial.
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