Metadata In DBMS And It’s Types: Simplified For 2021


Metadata in DBMS is characterized as data about data. It implies it is a context and description of the data. It assists in understanding, finding, and organizing data.

Technical metadata gives data on the specialized properties of an advanced document or the specific software and hardware conditions needed to process or render digital information.

Some technical properties are needed to deliver the message. On the off chance that we think about a computerized raster picture, this comprises a 2-dimensional exhibit of pixels, every pixel differing in shading. This property is essentially needed to show the right message or image for this situation. This property must be shared across all conceivable portrayals of the picture in any record design.

Each time you snap a picture with the present cameras, a lot of metadata is accumulated and saved with it. For example, 

  • Camera settings
  • Date and time
  • Size of the file
  • File name and so on.

Metadata in databases for blueprint comprises data in regards to sequences, indexes, foreign keys, constraints, columns, and tables.

In this article, we’ll explore

  1. Metadata in Relational database
  2. Data dictionary
  3. Accessing metadata in RDBMS
  4. Types of Metadata
  5. Metadata in terms of data warehouse

1. Metadata in Relational database

, Metadata In DBMS And It’s Types: Simplified For 2021

Relational databases provide and store access data as well as metadata in a design called a system catalogue or data dictionary. It holds data about:

  • Constraints
  • Table Relationship
  • Data Types
  • Columns
  • Tables, and so on.

A DBMS catalogue has a place with a data set occasion and includes metadata containing database article definitions like indexes, synonyms or views, synonyms or base tables. The SQL standard sets out a customary strategy for getting to the information list known as the information schema. However, not all data sets utilize this. They may actualize different highlights of the SQL standard.

A DBMS catalogue guarantees capacities that empower any clients, from examiners to information researchers or designers, to find and consume data sources. It incorporates a publicly supporting model/arrangement of metadata and explanations that allows each client to contribute their insight.

2. Data dictionary

A data dictionary is an assortment of items in a data model or descriptions of the data objects to serve software engineers and other people who need to allude to them.

A data dictionary contains a rundown of all documents in the data set, the number of records in each record, and the types and names of each field. Most DBMS keep the data dictionary stowed away from clients to keep them from incidentally annihilating its substance.

The difference between metadata and data dictionary in DBMS is that the Metadata portrays data, while the Data dictionary is a file that comprises the fundamental definitions of a database.

3. Accessing metadata in RDBMS

RDBMS furnishes admittance to their metadata with a set of tables or perspectives frequently called data dictionary or system catalogue. We can get to those perspectives utilizing plain SQL statements.

RDBMS is put away in an organized way, coordinated in columns and tables and reached out with constraints on the information, unique and primary constraints, data types, foreign keys, or check constraints. Each one of those standards characterized in a data set is known as the database schema.

On account of RDBMS alludes to data on their mapping and the wide range of various data in regards to getting to, built-in programs, storage or some other information about data set components or utilization.

Metadata in SQL Server returns data about the filegroups, database files, database objects, database, and so on in SQL Server.

4. Types of Metadata

There are a few types of metadata in DBMS reliable with their domain and uses.

, Metadata In DBMS And It’s Types: Simplified For 2021
  • Technical Metadata: This kind of metadata characterizes attributes, values, data types, table size, tables names, and database system names. Further specialized metadata likewise incorporates a few constraints like indices, primary key, and foreign key.
  • Business Metadata: It comprises the business regulations and rules, changing policies, ownership of data, and other business subtleties. This kind of metadata is said to a particular business.
  • Descriptive Metadata: This metadata in DBMS portrays any video, image, book, folder, or file. It might incorporate subtleties of information like author name, published on, size, date, author, title, and comparably others.
  • Operational Metadata: This sort incorporates the data which is presently under any activity. Plus, it addresses the information that is utilized by leader level chiefs to play out any assignment. Additionally, such metadata is frequently activated, archived, or purged and may even be relocated.

5. Metadata in terms of data warehouse

Regarding a data warehouse, we can characterize metadata as follows:

  • Metadata goes about as a directory. This directory helps the choice of the emotionally supportive network to find the substance of a data warehouse.
  • Metadata is a data warehouse that characterizes the warehouse objects.
  • Metadata is a guide to the data warehouse.

Types of metadata in the data warehouse are business metadata, technical metadata, and operational metadata.


Metadata in DBMS alludes to the data that portrays the pattern and other data identified with the put-away information in the data set, including usage, data elements, programs, storage, and extra related data.

We should check the accompanying sorts of metadata in DBMS. 


  • Sequences
  • Indexes
  • Constraints
  • Columns
  • Tables

Physical Execution:

  • Restored files
  • Partitions
  • Backup files


  • Number of rows and columns
  • Program size
  • Variable size
  • Datatype size
  • Table size

Metadata in DBMS likewise comprises data in regards to the perspectives, techniques, triggers, and functions. Admittance to this metadata is given as a bunch of views or tables called data dictionary or system catalogs.

Metadata in DBMS has a vital part in the data warehouse. The job of metadata in a warehouse is unique about the warehouse data, yet it assumes a significant part. The different jobs of metadata will be Metadata is utilized for query tools, metadata is used in transformation tools, metadata is used in reporting tools, metadata acts as a directory, metadata plays an important role in loading functions, metadata is used in transformation tools, and so on.

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