RDBMS – A Comprehensive Guide (2021)


RDBMS is named after relational model named after E.F.Codd. in RDBMS software, both data and relations between data are stored in a table. In this article, we will explain what is RDBMS, the advantages of RDBMS, the disadvantages of RDBMS, and more about RDBMS.

  1. What is a database?
  2. Database management system
  3. What is Relational Database Management System
  4. Advantages of RDBMS
  5. Disadvantages of RDBMS
  6. What is RDBMS in SQL

1) What is a database?

A set of logically inter-related organized collection of data is referred to as a Database. They store both operational data (produced by an organization’s day to day operations) and non-operational data (used for education, research etc.). Decision making becomes easy as the goal of many information systems is to transform raw data into useful information that generates knowledge. To do this, the system must be able to take data, put the data into context and provide tools for aggregation and analysis.

2) Database management system

DBMS stands for a database management system. Database Management System may be defined as software that aids in organizing, controlling and using the data needed by the application program. They provide the facility to create and maintain a well-organized database. These systems are primarily used to develop and analyze single-user databases and are not meant to be shared across a network or Internet but are instead installed on a device and work with a single user at a time.

Various operations that can be performed on these files include adding new files to the database, deleting existing files from the database, inserting data in existing files, modifying data in existing files, deleting data in existing files, and retrieving or querying data from existing files. DBMS packages generally provide an interface to view and change the design of the database, create queries, and develop reports. Commercially available Data Base Management Systems are Oracle, MySQL, SQL Servers and DB2 etc., whereas Microsoft Access and Open Office Base are examples of personal DBMS.

3) What is Relational Database Management System

RDBMS stands for a Relational database management system. A Relational Database allows the definition of data and its structures, storage and retrieval operations and integrity constraints that can be organized in a Table structure. A Table is a collection of records, and each record in a table contains the same fields, which define the nature of the data stored in the table. A record is one instance of a set of fields in a table.

Relational database management system models:

Three key terms are used extensively in relational database models:

• Relations: A relation is a table with columns and rows.

• Attributes: The named columns of the relation are called attributes (fields); and

• Domains: It is the set of values the attributes can take.

 The table in RDBMS:

The table in RDBMS  software is a set of data values using vertical rows and horizontal columns. The intersection of rows and columns is a cell. In a table, a number of columns is fixed, whereas; it can have any number of rows. A primary key is set on a column, which uniquely identifies the rows. In easy terms, the table is just another word to relation. All relations (and, thus, tables) in a relational database have to adhere to some basic rules to qualify as relations. First, the order of columns is not material in a table. Second, no identical record can be in a table. Third, each record will contain only a single value related to its attributes.

A relational database consists of many tables, with at least one similar value in two separate records (which may belong to the same table or to separate tables), which describes a relationship among records. It is able to connect all tables in the database to one or more fields by relating similar fields common in the table. One field is identified as a primary key that has a unique identity for each record in the table for each table. These keys are ordinarily used to integrate or combine data from different tables (two or more). If the primary key of one table is used in another table to access the former, it is called Foreign Key.

4) Advantages of RDBMS

  • Increases easy sharing of data and speedy forming of new applications.
  • It supports simple data structure, i.e. tables or relations.
  • Restrict repetition or redundancy of data.
  • It avoids data inconsistencies by storing data in one place and hence provides better integrity.
  • users have no need to be aware of underlying objects as it provides physical data independence.
  • Offer logical database independence data can be viewed in different ways by different users. 
  • Expanding is easy to achieve by adding new views of the data as they are required.
  • Support one-off queries using SQL or other appropriate languages.
  • Better backup and recovery procedures.
  • Provides multiple interfaces.
  • Solves many problems created by other data models The ability to handle efficiently simple data types.
  • Multiple users can access, which is not possible in DBMS.

5) Disadvantages of RDBMS

  • Relational database software is expensive.
  • Complex software means expensive hardware.
  • Requires skilled knowledge to implement.
  • Certain applications are slower processing.
  • Increases vulnerability.
  • More difficult to recover if data is lost.
  • Seen as a poor representation of the real world.
  • Difficult to represent hierarchies.
  • Difficult to represent complex data types.

6) What is RDBMS in SQL

SQL stands for the structured query language. Structured query language, SQL, is a standard language to deal with Relational databases. The foundation of SQL is based on Relational Database Management Systems. SQL helps to create the table and enter data, query and filter data, modify or update data, and delete data or table. SQL is a language used for communicating with data in Relational Database Management Systems. Mostly every Relational Database Management Systems uses SQL as a standard language. In easy terms, the Relational Database Management System is a book, whereas structured query language is a language. 

Popular RDBMS Softwares: 

Popular examples of relational databases are Microsoft Access, MySQL, and Oracle, SQL Server, PostgreSQL, IBM DB2, SQLite, MariaDB.

Among all, Oracle is the most used software.


Therefore this was all about Relational database management system, its model, table, softwares and what all you need to brief yourselves. Relational databases stores data in tables and could save huge data with set relations to make it easy access database and better over other databases.

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