Saga Pattern:A Basic And Concise Guide In 2021

Ajay Ohri


The saga design pattern is an approach to maintain data consistency across saga design pattern microservices in distributed transaction situations. A saga pattern is an arrangement of transactions that updates every service and distributes a message or occasion to trigger the subsequent transaction step. If a stage breaks, the saga-pattern executes compensating transactions that balance the former transactions.

In the data set per-service pattern, every saga-pattern in microservices is liable for its own data. Notwithstanding, this prompts an intriguing circumstance. What happens when a business transaction includes data that ranges across different saga-pattern microservices?

In this article let us look at:

  1. What Is the Saga Pattern?
  2. Types of Sagas
  3. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Saga Pattern
  4. Saga pattern Spring Boot
  5. Saga Pattern Spring Boot Example

1. What Is the Saga Pattern?

The saga pattern is an architectural microservices saga pattern to carry out a transaction that spans different services.

The saga pattern is a series of local transactions. Every service in a saga-pattern plays out its transaction and distributes an event. Different services tune in to that event and play out the following nearby transaction. If one transaction fails for unknown reasons, the saga-pattern additionally executes compensating transactions to fix the effect of the previous transactions.

We should see a straightforward saga pattern microservices example in a typical food delivery application:

At the point when a customer submits a request, below could be the series of activities that occur:

  • The food requesting administration makes a request. Now, the request is pending. A saga deals with the chain of events
  • The saga contacts the restaurant through the restaurant administration.
  • The restaurant administration tries to put the request with the chosen restaurant. After getting an affirmation, it sends back an answer.
  • The saga gets the answer. Also, contingent upon the answer, it can endorse the request or reject the request.
  • The food request administration at that point changes the condition of the request. If the request were affirmed, it would illuminate the customer with the next details. Whenever dismissed, it will likewise inform the customer with an expression of apology message.
  • As should be obvious, this is a lovely extraordinary methodology from the standard highlight point call approach in typical workflows.

2. Types of Sagas

There are two types of Sagas, or the two-saga design pattern microservices example are:

  • Choreography-Based Saga:

In this methodology, there is no central orchestrator. Every service taking part in the saga plays out their transaction and distribute events. Different services follow up on those events and play out their transactions. Likewise, they may not distribute different occasions events on the situation.


Useful for basic work processes that require not many members and needn’t bother with a coordination logic.


The work process can become befuddling while adding new strides, as it’s hard to follow which saga members tune in to which orders.

  • Orchestration-Based Saga:

In this methodology, there is an orchestration-based saga that deals with every one of the transactions and guides the member services to perform nearby transactions dependent on events. This orchestrator can likewise be considered as a saga manager.


Useful for complex work processes, including numerous members or new members added over the long run.


Extra design intricacy requires the execution of a coordination logic.

3. Advantages and Disadvantages of the Saga Pattern

The primary advantage of the saga pattern is that it keeps up data consistency across numerous services without tight coupling. This is a critical part of saga pattern microservices architecture.

Notwithstanding, the primary disadvantage of the saga pattern is the apparent intricacy from a programming perspective. Additionally, developers are not also acquainted with writing sagas as customary transactions. The other test is that compensating transactions additionally must be intended to make sagas work.

As I would like to think, sagas can help to settle certain difficulties and situations. They should be explored or adopted if the need occurs. Nevertheless, I couldn’t imagine anything better than to hear if others have additionally utilised saga pattern and how was the experience? What structures (assuming any) did you utilise?

4. Saga pattern Spring Boot

The saga pattern spring boot is an architectural pattern that gives an elective way to deal with huge and long-running ACID transactions. It takes a business interaction and splits it up into little separated advances- every one of them with its own transaction. The general consistency is given by physically returning past activities.

5. Saga Pattern Spring Boot Example

Imagine a framework to submit reviews. A client can present a review that is checked and either rejected or approved. We can execute this conduct on several events: 



A saga pattern is a series of local transactions where every transaction refreshes data inside a separate service. The main transaction in a saga is started by an outside demand comparing to the framework activity, and afterwards, every resulting step is set off by the fulfilment of the past one.

Utilize the saga pattern when you need to guarantee data consistency in a distributed framework without tight coupling and compensate or rollback if one of the succession tasks comes up short. The saga pattern is less reasonable for firmly coupled transactions, cyclic conditions, and compensating transactions that happen in prior participants.

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