What Is Product Backlog? A Comprehensive Guide (2021)


Development of a product is a long term process, and one will have to go through several hurdles to successfully develop a product that might stand out in the market. This is where the term product backlog comes in. This is used in product development to speed up the process of developing the product. This article will discuss the various aspects of the product backlog, such as what is the product backlog, for example, how to create one, and who owns the product backlog.

  1. What Is Product Backlog?
  2. Product Backlog In Scrum And Product Backlog in Agile
  3. How To Create A Product Backlog?
  4. Who Owns The Product Backlog?
  5. Product Backlog Example

1. What Is Product Backlog?

Talking about the product backlog meaning, it is the list of all the required items and functions that should be there in a product. This involves changes that are to be made in the product. A product can only stand out in the market if it is unique, fast, reliable, and also have many features that can be brought into use by the users. A product backlog prioritizes the list of all the functions that should be there in the product and that the product demands. A sample product backlog can involve the content required, availability, and priority of the product to-do list.

The list can be changed again and again keeping in mind the environment of the product. The initial version of the product backlog includes only a few important features that should be there in a product to be launched in the initial phase. Slowly, the list is updated and changed as per the user demands and the market requirement. The product backlog list can later include, features, new improvements, bug fixes, uses, updates, etc, 

2. Product Backlog In Scrum And Product Backlog in Agile

Product backlog in scrum and product backlog in agile are two different terms that are most commonly heard when it comes to product development or product backlog. These two are the parts of the product backlog. As the name suggests product backlog in agile, is to speed up the process of product development. Product backlog in agile focuses on the new and upcoming features that should be there in the product, whereas the product backlog in scrum focuses on various requirements ranking from top priority to the least.

Similarly, there is another term involved in the product backlog, which is product backlog grooming. 

It is simply referred to as the activities that are ongoing in the sprint, rather than the future activities or the upcoming activities.

3. How To Create A Product Backlog?

The product backlog is presented in a spreadsheet usually. If you are looking forward to creating a product backlog then you can refer to the steps given below.

Add Ideas To The Backlog The first and foremost step when it comes to creating a backlog is to add ideas. Working on a product is always about ideas. You need to have ideas for your product on which you can work. So when creating a product backlog make sure that you have some really good ideas for your product that can be added to the list. These ideas can include suggestions from the market, your client, or what your users demand. These can also be bug fixes that are to be released with the very next update.

  • Clarify Your Idea

Stakeholder also demands changes in the products. So when you are adding ideas to your backlog make sure you get it clarified with the stakeholder. Ask them about the changes that they are trying to add to the product. Ask them the reason for which they are adding a particular feature, what value will it add to the product, and also specify the whole product or the item as per the changes.

  • Prioritize

Next thing about creating 

a backlog is to prioritize things. 

A backlog is created for a particular reason, that is, to speed up the process. So this can only be done when you prioritize things. Make sure to prioritize the things. It can be the features that should be there in the next update. Take the things that are not that necessary at the last.

  • Updating

The backlog can never be the same, i.e., it is needed to be updated regularly. Priorities for the features and content keep on changing, so you cannot keep the backlog constant for a long time. Therefore, one must keep updating the backlog.

4. Who Owns The Product Backlog?

The product owner owns the product backlog in most. The agile team is responsible for working on backlog, whereas the product owner or the product manager organizes and also maintains the product backlog.

5. Product Backlog Example

Talking about the product backlog example, consider the backlog with set goals. Now here, the goals will be prioritized and the team will be assigned the particular goal to work on. 

With this one can easily work on the essential goals.

Items That Should Be There In Backlog

Various items should be there in the product backlog including-

  • New Features

A product is nothing without new updates and the features that are launched with it. With every new update, customers or users demands the new features. So, when making a product backlog make sure that you add some new features to the priority list.

  • Technical Debt

This is the work that needs to be done to keep the product update. This can be because of changing directing or scope, to enhance the performance as well as the scalability of the product.

  • Bugs

When creating a product, there will be bugs in it too. Bugs are some small issues or errors that come when using the product. Bugs can be interrupting. So when creating a product backlog, make sure you keep the bug issues at priority and assign your team to solve them.

  • Research

Another most important thing to be present on the backlog is the research. Research can be anything including marketing, new content, users’ response to your product, what your users demand in the new update.


A product backlog is a necessity when it comes to developing a product. So when you are creating a product make sure you prioritize all you need, the new features, updates, bug fixes, research and work accordingly on your product. Product development can be a long term task, but a product backlog can help boost up the process. Hope this article helps you understand what product backlog is, and how you can have one for your site.

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