Every organization will run for the basic motto of earning profit. This can be done only by providing qualitative products in more quantity. So producing those products need proper planning, mechanism, etc. Among all those processes, product layout is one of the major tasks to be done. So in this article, we may explore what is a product layout. what are its features? the pros and cons of these product layouts.
If we look at the product layout meaning, it explains various missions which work before and which work after to produce the whole product as an output. It is like the previous machine’s end product will become the next machine’s source product.
In general, we can find these product layouts in the manufacturing units. Usually, the product layouts are either linear or u-shaped in design. The linear arrangements are again divided into two types in the product layouts. One is paced lines and the other one is non-paced lines.
The features of the product layout are quite qualitative and impressive to produce various products. Some of the characteristics are explained by Harald T Amrine. So let’s have a glance at them.
In the field of the manufacturing industry, we have different kinds of layouts. Each has its positives and negatives. The available types of layouts are,
Even though both the product layout and process layout show their significance and several similarities, a few differences are also available between them. When choosing which layout is perfect for a particular industry, these differences need to be known.
Product layout has a structured arrangement of various machines concentrating on producing a single final product. Here the output of One machine at one step will become the input for the other machine. Whereas the process layout has various missions, each mission can produce different products, and there is no restriction that it should be continuous.
The product layout requires a huge investment and a wide space to arrange the equipment. On the other hand, process layout doesn’t require much investment, and one can choose multiple locations to place different machines.
The product layout is perfectly suitable for large-scale industries and continuous processes. In contrast, the process layout is suitable for small-scale industries.
The product layout has less flexibility and less paperwork. It doesn’t require much skill, also. But, the process layout is more flexible and requires clean employees to monitor specific machines.
Product layouts are widely used in manufacturing units. They often work to produce qualitative products by following step-by-step procedures. Among all other layouts, product layout is one of the best suitable options for large-scale industries.
The advantages of product layout are
Along with the benefits, a few limitations are also owned by the product layout. So,
The disadvantages of product layout are,
The product layout examples are majorly manufacturing units and continuous processes. Certain industries like sugar, paper, and cement are the best examples. Also, automobile industries and electronic appliances like printers and refrigerators used these product layouts for manufacturing. Our daily needs, like food, paper, etc., are manufactured, which is the help of product layout. The product layouts are preferably used for large-scale industries having continuous processes.
Thus the product layout definition explains that a product layout is a systematic approach to arranging different machines in a sequential order to provide products. From the product layout diagram and product layout design, it is clear that it is either line or a U-shaped structure. So before choosing a layout for initiating an industry, it is very important to learn and get an awareness of each layout and the differences between those layouts to get productive results.
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