Sprint Backlog: A Beginner’s Guide In 4 Easy Points


An integral aspect of sprint preparation is the sprint backlog. Understand what a sprint backlog is, and how to use it during the sprints to efficiently handle the workload. In this article we will learn about, what does sprint backlog contains, when is the sprint backlog created, who can execute the work of the sprint backlog, and the sprint backlog in the scrum.

  1. What is Sprint Backlog?
  2. Why is the Sprint Backlog important?
  3. Sprint backlog in the scrum
  4. When is Sprint Backlog created?

1. What is Sprint Backlog?

The Sprint Backlog comes from the backlog of the product, but it only includes that item or those things that can be completed during each sprint. Think of it as the team’s marching orders as they head out on a fast sprint.

This is a piecemeal way to chip away at the many tasks on the backlog of the product. The sprint backlog would be dictated by the difficulty of the project, but the general idea is to devote the team only to certain tasks that can be accomplished during the sprint. Of course, the sprint backlog can also increase in complexity and duration if it is a complex project.

2. Why is the Sprint Backlog important?

Purpose of Sprint Backlog, it is a common practice that continuously provides a visible representation of the status of the User Stories in the backlog and is displayed on a task board or Scrum board. The Sprint Backlog makes evident the teamwork that the team recognizes as crucial to achieving the Sprint Target. It adds a minimum of one high-priority process enhancement discovered in the last Retrospective meeting to follow the quality improvement.

While it is possible to add to the Sprint Backlog the tasks that are lacking from the committed user stories, it is important to ensure that new user stories are not introduced until the Sprint Backlog is committed and finalized by the Scrum team. If any new criteria occur during a Sprint, they should be included and added to a potential Sprint in the overall Prioritized Product Backlog.

3. Sprint backlog in the scrum

The Sprint Backlog is a list of tasks to be completed by the Scrum team by the end of the sprint. During the Sprint Planning Meeting, these items are chosen by the team from the Project Backlog based on the goals set by the Product Owner and the vision of the time it would take for the team to complete the different features. The Sprint Backlog is updated only by the development team in the sprint. They intend to complete the tasks of the Sprint Backlog during the Sprint, and so it is entirely part of the development team.

The Sprint Backlog is a schedule with ample information that can be interpreted in the Daily Scrum by adjustments in progress. During the Sprint, the Development Team modifies Sprint Backlog. During a Sprint, only the development team can adjust the Sprint Backlog. The Sprint Backlog is a highly visible, real-time image of the work planned by the Development Team during the Sprint, which belongs exclusively to the Development Team.

4. When is Sprint Backlog created?

During Sprint Preparation, the Development Team builds the Sprint Backlog. During the Sprint, team members are expected to update the Sprint Backlog as new information will be available.

A) How to build a backlog for Sprint?

From the Product Backlog, the team chooses the products they want to focus on, adds them to the Sprint Backlog, and then breaks down the selected PBIs (Product Backlog Items) into Sprint tasks to make the job simple. How to make things go more smoothly will be determined by the team. Showing the Sprint Backlog on a task board, using index cards or Post-It Notes, is the safest way. As with a digital task board or an Excel-Sheet, they maintain it electronically. An example of how such a task board might be organized is illustrated in the figure below. 

  • This framework should be set up to illustrate the needs of the project.
  • Tips for building a Sprint Backlog of high quality
  • Ensure that the process includes each member of the team
  • Identifying all types of activities
  • Have a Finished description
  • Discuss how to enforce every item
  • Do not delegate roles in advance,
  • Test sprint dedication
  • During the sprint, build the Sprint Backlog
  • Don’t waste a great deal of time

B) How is a Sprint Backlog Managed?

As a rule, the entire agile team shares ownership of the sprint backlog (development team, product owner, Scrum Master). Conventional wisdom, however, dictates that the only ones who can make improvements to the sprint backlog are the development team.

Members update the backlog as new information, typically during the regular scrum meeting, becomes available. 

A sprint is a complex tool that is continuously changing as situations change and new elements are added. New jobs and projects, for example, maybe brought in or out of necessity, something maybe not foreseen during the initial development of the backlog.

C) Who can execute it?

  • The development team owns the sprint backlog and decides which products need to be included in the product backlog to meet the sprint goal. The development team describes the tasks needed to turn each sprint backlog item into usable, possibly shippable features.
  • The product owner sets the sprint target and provides the development team with clarification as they build the sprint backlog.
  • During sprint preparation, the scrum master encourages the formation of the sprint backlog. The position also encourages interactions and eliminates obstacles in the sprint during the execution of the sprint backlog.

D) How does a Scrum Team reach a Sprint Objective?

During each sprint, the members of the Scrum team choose the user stories on top of their heap from the backlog. These stories will have a time-boxed sprint that is focused on the team members’ average velocity. Based on the approximate amount of relative effort it would take to finish the story, every user story should have a point value assigned to it. It is crucial to remember that in points, but not in hours, the Scrum Team estimates stories. The team decides how, through the Sprint Backlog, the work will best be completed. When it is necessary, however, they have to focus first on the high-priority value objects.


For many factors, designing a sprint backlog to lead off each sprint is a valuable product-team ritual. At the beginning of each new sprint, it gives the team a chance to address what is most strategically important (and feasible) to focus on next.

It provides developers with a fixed collection of tasks and to-do items that they concentrate on without worrying that their workload might be fully changed at any time for the upcoming sprint.

And it offers the agile team an ongoing opportunity to incorporate new information within a standard sprint timeline on what kinds of stories, fixes, and other development work should be done, so they can better predict timeframes and resource levels and get work in on time.

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