What Are Explainable Artificial Intelligence (AI) Principles?

Introduction to Explainable AI 

What is explainable AI? It is the process of creating AI systems that are transparent, explainable, and interpretable. An explainable AI system provides insight into how its decisions are made by explaining its reasoning and providing sufficient information for stakeholders to understand why the system makes a specific decision. 

Explainable AI is a subset of Artificial Intelligence that uses machine learning to make decisions. For AI to be explainable, it must be able to explain its reasoning and decision-making processes in human language. This is not easy because computers think in terms of numbers (ones and zeros), not words. 

To make explainable AI possible, computer scientists must use algorithms called “explainers” or “logic models.” These algorithms enable computers to understand the relationships between the input data and their outputs, allowing them to explain those decisions in language humans can understand. 

Explainable Artificial Intelligence Principles (EAIP) are guidelines for building explainable artificial intelligence (AI) systems. The global AI market is projected to reach $182 billion by 2025, up from $42.7 billion in 2018. The goal of EAIP is to create an open standard for developing explainable AIs that will allow developers to build trust in their products by explaining how they work, who they benefit from, and why they were built in the first place. 

What Is Explainable AI? 

Explainable AI is a type of artificial intelligence that can explain its decision-making processes to users clearly and concisely. It is also known as transparent AI or interpretable AI. 

Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) is the subset of machine learning that allows an algorithm to explain its decision-making process and learn from user feedback. The main goal of XAI is to let humans understand why an algorithm made a certain decision with as few as possible details about the underlying data, model, and architecture involved in making it happen. 

For example, imagine a self-driving car trying to decide if a pedestrian is at risk of being hit by the car. To avoid an accident, the car needs to make a split-second decision. If it decides not to brake and hits the pedestrian instead, XAI can help explain why this happened by providing some details about what went wrong in this case. 

The first step towards explainable AI is to use a black box model. A black box model is a type of machine learning algorithm that can automatically learn from data without the need for human intervention. It can also be trained independently, without any human input whatsoever (a process known as unsupervised learning). 

In addition to explaining the reasons behind its decision-making process, a black box model needs to be able to make predictions with high accuracy scores. The more accurate a model is when making predictions, the easier it will be for humans to understand why it made those decisions in the first place. 

The second step towards explainable AI is to use a white box model. A white box model uses human-readable explanations of its decision-making process to help humans understand why it made those decisions in the first place. 

What Are Explainable AI principles? 

Explainable AI principles are sets of rules that explain the decision-making process of artificial intelligence. 

The goal here is to create algorithms that explain how they came up with a solution so that humans can understand why they made certain decisions. 

One example is the “explain ability-by-design” principle. This principle states that any artificial intelligence algorithm should be designed from the beginning with an explanation in mind. This means that if an algorithm makes a decision, it must be able to explain why it made that decision. 

This principle is important because it allows humans to understand how an algorithm works and why it makes certain decisions. This helps limit system bias because humans can check for bias before implementing their algorithms. 

Explainable AI is a way to make artificial intelligence more transparent and understandable. It involves designing machine learning models so that they can explain their decisions, allowing users to understand why the system made the choices it did. 

Explainable AI principles include: 

  • Explainability: The ability to understand why an algorithm made a particular decision 
  • Transparency: The ability to see what data an algorithm uses and how it’s used to make decisions 
  • Human-centered design: Putting people at the center of all decisions when building algorithms or designing products with them in mind 
  • Empathy: The ability to put yourself in someone else’s shoes and understand their perspective 

Explainable AI is the idea that an artificially intelligent system should be able to explain why it made a certain decision. This principle can be used in several areas, including 

Data Science and Machine Learning: Explainable AI is a subset of Machine Learning. It is also closely related to Data Science. 

Artificial Intelligence: The concept of explainable AI goes hand-in-hand with the idea of artificial intelligence when machines can perform tasks traditionally seen as requiring human intelligence, such as understanding language or performing visual recognition. 

Examples of Explainable AI Principles 

Explainable AI is a principle that explains why AI is not perfect. It’s called explainable because it’s the reason why you can ask why an AI made a certain decision. 

The first example of Explainable AI is when someone asks you what you were thinking about when you did something, and then you tell them. The second example of Explainable AI is when someone asks you how you came up with something, and then they give you an explanation. The last explainable AI example is when someone asks an AI why it made a certain decision, and then they get an explanation back. 

Explainable AI (XAI) is a branch of artificial intelligence that focuses on making AI more transparent and understandable to humans. XAI makes it possible for a human to explain why an AI decision was made and understand how the AI reached that conclusion. 

XAI is usable in various ways, including 

  • Autonomous Vehicles 
  • Healthcare 
  • Customer Service Automation 

How Does Explainable AI Work? 

Explainable AI is a new field of AI research that aims to make the technology more transparent and understandable to humans. As an umbrella term, it covers a variety of techniques that make it possible to explain the decisions made by an AI system. This article will give a broad overview of this new field and explain some of its most important features. 

Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI) has been defined as “any artificial intelligence (AI) technology capable of explaining its decisions in a way that humans can easily understand.” XAI uses various statistical or logical techniques to help us understand how an algorithm works. It allows us to know what inputs were used for making each decision and why certain outcomes are more likely than others—even if we don’t know exactly how those outcomes were reached because an algorithm can be very complex. 

The goal of XAI isn’t just to make AI easier to understand but also to improve the quality and fairness of the technology. This is important because algorithms are often used in situations that can significantly impact people’s lives. For example, they may be used in law enforcement or healthcare applications. If these systems are biased against certain groups of people, it could lead to unfair outcomes that cause real harm (e.g., wrongful arrests). 

Understanding how an algorithm makes decisions is also important for ensuring that it works properly. For instance, many people have expressed concerns about AI systems being used to make life-or-death decisions in situations like self-driving cars or medical care. If these systems will be relied upon for such critical tasks, then it’s important to understand how they work and what factors influence them. 

Importance of Explainable AI Principle 

Explainable AI allows you to understand the reasoning behind decisions made by AI systems. This can be helpful because it helps you improve your products and services and make better decisions within your business. 

Explainable AI is important because it allows you to understand the reasoning behind the decisions made by AI systems. 

This means that if a doctor uses an algorithm to diagnose a patient, they can explain why they chose this diagnosis over another one. This could help them avoid lawsuits or fines from patients who believe their diagnosis was incorrect or unfair based on their race or gender. 

Explainable AI is important because it allows you to understand the reasoning behind decisions made by AI systems. This can be helpful because it allows you to improve your products and services and make better decisions within your business. Explainable AI is also important because it provides transparency for consumers concerned about how companies use their data. 

People may not want an AI system to be used to make decisions about them, such as in the case of hiring or credit scoring. Explainable AI allows people to see how their data is being used by companies, which helps them make better decisions about how they interact with those organizations. 


Explaining artificial intelligence is a complicated process, but it can be done with the right tools and people on your side. It all comes down to having a team of skilled experts; they will work together to explain how AI works while also providing an explanation that makes sense for everyone else. For a bright career in the AI domain, you should check out Executive PG Diploma in Management & Artificial Intelligence offered by IIM Indore.

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