Basic Guide To Careers In Sociology (2021)

Ajay Ohri


Have you at any point considered how do society and its elements work? Individuals who study society and social behavior by examining the social institutions, organisations, cultures, groups, and processes that create when individuals live, work and interact together are sociologists. In this article, we will discuss different angles and careers in sociology.

As a sociologist, one will work and lead many research tasks to test hypotheses and study social issues. They collect information through interviews, observations, surveys, and they tend to analyze them. They regularly utilize both qualitative and quantitative techniques when conducting research, and they oftentimes utilize statistical analysis programs during the research interaction.

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Sociology, as a subject, has a wide range of topics. These include: 

  1. Family Issues
  2. Causes of Social Inequality
  3. Marital Advantages and Disadvantages
  4. Dynamics of Ageing
  5. Public Policy
  6. Deviance in Society
  7. Professional Roles
  8. Dynamics of Group Interaction
  9. Divorce Causes
  10. Gender Roles
  11. Criminology
  12. Mass Attitude Development, etc.
  1. Eligibility to Study Sociology
  2. Career Options in Sociology
  3. What Do Sociologists Study? 
  4. Best Jobs for Sociology Degree Holders

1. Eligibility to Study Sociology

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If you intend to pursue a career in sociology, you can opt for a BA course at the graduation level and afterwards seek a post-graduation degree in sociology or a connected field, which is offered by the majority of the colleges and universities.

  • For BA in Sociology:

To select a B.A. course in sociology, the candidate should finish his or her 10 2 examinations, ideally with sociologies as a subject. 

  • For MA in Sociology:

The candidate should finish their undergraduate in sociology with 60% as the minimum mark or grade.

2. Career Options in Sociology

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Careers in sociology are both effective and satisfying. Large numbers of us have tried to create an impact on society, and the careers in sociology bring this chance close. 

Here are some of the most well-known sociology career options:

1. Social Worker: 

A career in assisting individuals and promoting societies, which practically determines a social worker, is the most pursued occupation for sociology candidates.

2. Rehabilitation Counsellor:

If you are willing towards assisting the youths of their society, these professions in social science are ideal for you. Rehabilitation counsellors utilise their counselling methods learned in social science to control young people who have been deceived into settling on wrong choices throughout everyday life, who have committed a tort and have finished their humility, and the individuals who have been traumatised or abused by life circumstances.

3. Survey Researcher:

As the name recommends, survey researchers lead surveys to settle on different choices. These incorporate noticing patterns of political and social issues, culture and health, and how users are responding to a specific service or product.

4. Administrative Support: 

Top educational organisations require experts who can evaluate individual and mass psychology, and comprehend troubleshoot issues and human behaviour. 

5. Policy Analyst:

Sociologists need to contemplate policies in their educational courses. That is the reason they are recruited as policy analysts to notice social issues and prescribe officials to address these issues. 

6. Family Counsellor:

Sociologists are capable counsellors, and that is the reason their ability can be used in family counselling. 

7. HR Specialist: 

A piece of being a social scientist incorporates collaborating with a large number of individuals consistently. 

8. Journalist:

For candidates with a talent for writing and a decent grip of recognising mass attitudes and examining social issues, journalism is the ideal alternative.

3. What Do Sociologists Study? 

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Sociologists study individuals’ social lives, processes, interactions, behaviours, activities, and associations within the context of bigger economic, political, and social powers. They inspect what social influences mean for various groups and individuals and the manners in which institutions and organisations influence individuals’ lives.

  • Employment Opportunities for Sociologists

With a variety of careers in sociology, candidates can anticipate a splendid future as sociologists. From the executive’s jobs in worldwide corporate firms to managerial parts in the public area, sociologists can utilise their skills and knowledge to have a positive outcome in society and earn a living.

4. Best Jobs for Sociology Degree Holders

  • Teaching Sector:
  1. Teaching English as a Second language
  2. Elementary Teaching
  3. Special Education
  4. Secondary Teaching
  • Business Sector:
  1. Public Relations
  2. Media
  3. Marketing & Sales
  4. Entrepreneurship
  5. Consumer Research
  6. Training
  7. Human Resources Management
  8. Real Estate
  9. Insurance
  • Social Services Sector:
  1. Local, State and Federal Agencies
  2. Recreation
  3. Rehabilitation
  4. Social Work
  5. Case Management
  6. Administration
  7. Youth and Elderly Services
  • Community Services Sector:
  1. Advocacy
  2. Non-profit Agencies
  3. Environmental Groups
  4. Urban Planning
  5. Community Development
  6. Child Care
  • Publishing Sector:
  1. Journalism
  2. Professional Writing
  3. Editing
  4. Research
  • Health Services Sector:
  1. Health Insurance Providers
  2. Family Planning
  3. Rehabilitation Counselling
  4. Hospital Admissions
  5. Substance Abuse Education
  • Law Sector:
  1. Para-legal
  2. Criminal Justice
  3. Law Enforcement
  4. Attorney
  5. Investigations
  6. Judicial Affairs
  7. Probation and Parole Administration
  • Higher Education Sector:
  1. Administrative Support
  2. Admissions
  3. Development
  4. Advising
  5. Alumni Relations


The purpose of careers in sociology is to efficiently see how people and groups create, manage and change social connections, social designs and systems after some time. There is more consciousness about sociology in the UK or US than in India. The expanding interest among students and great course structure with serious on-field projects and field trips offered by Indian colleges will continuously build the sociology scope in India.

Want to know all relevant information about your future? Head to our website to check out the best and the latest information about various fields to build your knowledge and scope.

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