What is a Multi Tenant Application: A Comprehensive Guide


Multi-tenancy is an architecture wherein a single occurrence of a software application serves numerous clients. Every client is known as a tenant. Tenants might be enabled to modify a few pieces of the application, for example, business rules or user interface, yet they can’t alter the application’s code.

  1. Multi Tenant applications best practices
  2. What is the Multi Tenant application?
  3. Multi Tenant application architecture
  4. Multi-tenant application example

1. Multi Tenant applications best practices

Multi-tenancy is the point at which a single case of the software/product runs on a server that is available to numerous gatherings of users. Auth0’s Public Cloud is an illustration of a multi tenant application. Your connections, settings, and applications are a single-tenant that imparts resources to different tenants in the Public Cloud.

There are a few different ways you can get multi-tenant applications/occupants with Auth0. You can manage your multi-tenancy requirements with one of the going with procedures:

  • Recognize various tenants by application: Addressing every one of your tenants with an application permits you to configure everyone in an unexpected way. You can likewise disable/enable connections for singular applications if your tenants have shifting prerequisites.
  • Utilize multiple connections: Utilize multiple links with handling your tenants. Every connection addresses and contains an alternate pool of users.

Utilizing various connections presents extra layers of intricacy, yet there are a few situations where the potential gains of this choice exceed the disadvantages:

  • You have distinctive Connection-level prerequisites, for example, varying password/credential policies, for every one of your Applications.
  • You have client pools from various Connections. For instance, one application may have users giving password/username credentials, while another application handles Enterprise/Organization logins.
  • Utilize separate Auth0 tenants: This strategy expects you to utilize an alternate arrangement of Auth0 accreditations when calling Auth0 APIs to confirm users having a place with every customer since you would utilize various applications on various Auth0 tenants for every one of your customers.
  • Store tenant details in app metadata: Utilizing your preferred identifier, you can store tenant-concerned subtleties in the app metadata. Doing so permits the entirety of your users, paying little mind to which tenant to which they have a place, to sign in utilizing one uniform technique.

2. What is the Multi Tenant application?

Multi tenant applications permit you to serve numerous customers with one introduction to the application. Every customer has their data totally separated in such an architecture. Every client is known as a tenant.

The most current Software as Service applications is multi-tenant. Regardless of whether it is WordPress, Zoho, Freshbooks, or Salesforce, most current cloud-based applications are conveyed with multi-tenant architecture.

3. Multi Tenant application architecture

The multi Tenant application architecture permits one occasion of an application to serve numerous organizations/customers. Every organization/customer is known as a tenant. Each has its own obvious separate application and doesn’t know about different tenants. The tenant can alter their own groups, users, UI, and so on. Characteristics of a multi-tenant application are:

  • Users and groups: Tenant can characterize their own principles to accomplish data access control.
  • View: Tenants can characterize the, generally speaking, the styling of their application.
  • Data set composition: Tenant can characterize their own database schema for the application. They can rename database fields, remove/add database tables, and so on.
  • Business rules: Tenant can characterize their own business rules and rationale for their application.

4. Multi-tenant application example

In a virtual system, one system may have twenty examples running twenty operating systems, each with its own database and application. In a multi-tenant architecture, the entirety of the occurrences shares the app, OS, and in particular, the database.

A large portion of the model adjusts to these 3 different ways to structure multi-tenant application examples are as under:

  • Multi-tenant SaaS: This is more intricate on account of numerous databases or schemas, and limitations are done at the database level. This is the number of SaaS applications work and regularly permit more straightforward communication with the database.
  • Virtualization-based SaaS: This is the most unpredictable arrangement because there is such a lot of connection between the holders, just as the databases and apps. That is the reason there is such a lot of accentuation on orchestrators like Kubernetes and Docker.
  • URL-based SaaS: This is the simplest one to do since it utilizes a database and a single domain. You would have explicit URLs, as subdomain2.maindomain.com, subdomain1.maindomain.com, and so forth. Security and Data management are dealt with at the application level. Some SaaS works thusly, particularly those that put a Web application interface between the database and the user.


Multi-tenancy has seen a ton of could appropriation and is utilized most with cloud computing. Multi-tenant architectures are discovered in both private cloud and public cloud conditions, permitting each tenant’s data to be isolated from one another.

For instance, in a multi-tenant public cloud, similar workers will be utilized in a facilitated climate to have different clients. Every client is given a distinct and preferably secure space inside those workers to store data.

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