What Is Cyber Risk Management Framework?


Cybersecurity risk management process is a topic of interest to many people. It’s because cybersecurity is a growing concern for businesses and individuals alike. As we continue to rely on technology more and more, the risk of cyber-attacks grows significantly. 

So why should you gain knowledge of cybersecurity? It’s simple. you want to protect yourself and your family from malicious hackers. 

Cybersecurity is a broad term that protects computer networks, information systems, and data from attack by unauthorized access or damage. All three elements must work together to ensure effective defense against these threats. 

There has been a dramatic rise in DDoS attacks throughout the first half of 2022. Asia and the United States were targeted using a range of attacks, from hacktivism to terabit attacks. A 203% increase in malicious DDoS attacks was recorded in the first half of 2021 compared to the previous year’s first half. 

What Is Cyber Risk Management Framework? 

An organization’s Risk Framework, also known as its Risk Management Framework, is the sum of its internal Risk Management Processes, Risk Tools, and Risk Policies. 

Who’s Responsible for Building It? 

Even though the Chief Information Officer (CIO) or Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) still bears primary responsibility for cybersecurity in 85 percent of organizations (1), the organization as a whole and every employee in the company bear secondary responsibility for it. Any employee can be the target of a cyberattack. 

When Does the Work Happen? 

The process of assessing security risks ought to be ongoing. At the very least, once every two years, a comprehensive enterprise security risk assessment should be carried out to investigate the dangers of the organization’s information systems. 

 What Makes a Framework Adequate? 

Risk management frameworks for cybersecurity provide teams with a well-thought-out, strategic plan for protecting their data, infrastructure, and information systems, assisting them in addressing challenges in cybersecurity. The frameworks provide direction, helping IT security leaders manage cyber risks more effectively. 

The 5Ws of Risk Management Framework 

In the risk management task, most associations follow a four-step risk management process that starts with recognizing risk. The risk is then assessed in light of the probability of dangers taking advantage of weaknesses and the likely effect. Chances are focused on, and associations can browse various risk relief systems. The fourth step, observing, is intended to keep risk reaction and control current despite a continually evolving climate. 

 Fortunately, institutions looking to determine their level of risk can get a lot of help.NIST Special Publication 800-30, an interloper risk management executive, was created by the Public Foundation of Guidelines to direct risk with opinions in authorities’ statistics frameworks. The guidelines of Unique Distribution 800-39 are incorporated into the 800-30 shape. 

 Special Publication 800-53, another third-party risk management framework that lists security and privacy controls for federal information systems is closely related. Even though the private sector does not have to use NIST SP 800-30, it is a good resource for businesses evaluating risk. 

Best Practices for Cybersecurity Risk Assessment 

The process of prioritizing and planning cybersecurity defenses to mitigate potential risks is known as cybersecurity risk management. A comprehensive approach is used in risk management cybersecurity to deliberately accept, avoid, reduce, and transfer risks. 

 Businesses can use effective cybersecurity risk management programs to prioritize risks and implement the appropriate security controls to minimize their impact. This article provides guidance on the most effective methods for developing such a program and protecting your business. 

Building Cybersecurity into the Enterprise Risk Management Framework 

All businesses should ensure that cybersecurity risk is given the appropriate attention in their enterprise risk management (ERM) programs alongside other risk disciplines like legal, financial, and so on due to the increasing creativity, frequency, and variety of cybersecurity attacks. This document aims to assist practitioners of cybersecurity risk management in public and private sectors at all organizational levels in better comprehending and applying cybersecurity risk management within the enterprise risk management framework (ERM).

Enterprises and their component organizations can better identify, assess, communicate, and manage their cybersecurity risks within their stated mission and business objectives by utilizing a risk register as an organizing construct. Senior leaders are already familiar with the language and constructs used in this process. 

Identify Value-Creating Workflows 

Define the risks associated with the workflows that produce the most business value. Because critical workflows can also pose a significant risk, it’s crucial to think about how they might affect things. Payment procedures, for instance, add value and pose a threat to a company because they are susceptible to data theft and fraud. 

Make sure the cybersecurity team knows which processes are essential to your business and what each process’s components (data assets, tools, teams) are. You can use the recommended controls thanks to this. The one-sided maturity-based approach is less effective than a collaborative strategy involving personnel from the business and cybersecurity sectors. 

Prioritize Cyber Risks 

The risk level is determined based on the cost of prevention and the value of information for risk management and mitigation. Low-level risks can be tolerated or addressed in the future, whereas high-level risks should be addressed immediately. Unless the threat has the potential to harm your reputation, it is not worth the expense to safeguard an asset if the cost exceeds its value.

Implement Ongoing Risk Assessment 

To keep up with changing cybersecurity threats and solutions, continuously identify and assess risks in an adaptable, actionable, and continuous way. Examine risk management procedures regularly to find holes and fill them. To protect digital environments and assets, cybersecurity teams rely on insights from risk assessments that can be put into action. 

Cybersecurity Risk Assessment Framework Examples 

The following are some of the most influential frameworks for assessing cyber risk:

Framework for NIST Risk Management 

NIST’s Risk Management Framework (RMF) is a seven-step process that organizations can use to manage information security and privacy risk using a comprehensive, repeatable, and measurable seven-step process. It is developed to provide organizations with a method of managing information security and privacy risks. The resource is designed to help organizations comply with the Federal Information Security Modernization Act (FISMA) requirements, which includes a suite of NIST standards and guidelines that will allow them to implement risk management programs in response to those requirements in accordance with NIST standards and guidelines.

Based on NIST’s definition of risk management frameworks, they integrate risk management throughout a system’s development lifecycle to ensure security, privacy, and supply chain risks are managed appropriately. As a result, it can be applied to a wide range of new and existing systems and technologies, including, but not limited to, IoT and control systems, and it can be used within several types of organizations of any size or sector.  


The Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) at Carnegie Mellon University developed OCTAVE to identify and manage information security risks. This tool can help organizations identify important information assets, threats to those assets, and vulnerabilities that would expose those assets to attacks.

An organization can begin to understand what information is at risk by putting together its information assets, threats, and vulnerabilities. By understanding the risks associated with information assets, they can design and implement strategies to reduce them. This methodology allows operations and IT teams to collaborate on addressing an organization’s security requirements. 


A framework for IT management and governance called the Control Objectives for Information and Related Technology (COBIT) was developed by ISACA as part of their IT management standards. A set of generic IT management processes is outlined in this document, and it is designed to be a business-focused document. An elementary maturity model is defined as a set of inputs, outputs, activities, activities, objectives, measures of performance, and an elementary maturity model for each process.

According to ISACA, COBIT 2019 will provide more guidance, insight, implementation resources, and comprehensive training. According to the report, organizations can now customize their governance through the framework, making implementation more flexible. 


MITRE is a nonprofit R&D organization that conducts research and development in technology domains, including cybersecurity. It uses Threat Assessment and Remediation Analysis (TARA), which is a methodology for identifying and assessing cybersecurity vulnerabilities and devising countermeasures to mitigate them. 

This framework is part of MITRE’s Systems Security Engineering (SSE) portfolio of security engineering practices. Using the TARA assessment approach, attack vectors are identified and ranked according to risk, and countermeasures are identified and selected according to utility and cost, the organization claims. 

 Mitigation mappings, which pre-select countermeasures based on attack vectors in the catalog, are one of the most important aspects of the methodology. 


A far-reaching and continuous online protection risk evaluation should be designated time and assets to expand the association’s future security. As new dangers arise and new frameworks or exercises are executed, they should be rehashed. In any case, on the off chance that done the initial time successfully, it will offer a repeatable technique and layout for future evaluations, diminishing the probability that a digital assault will adversely affect business goals.

The capacity of hazard appraisal to assist organizations with forestalling breaks, keep away from fines and punishments, and protect delicate information should be perceived by all organizations. Due to the continuously changing nature of network safety dangers, a firm will, in any case, have to keep steady over the latest threats that could focus on your association, even with the most grounded security measures. You seem to be interested in this topic; why not learn as well as earn a degree at UNext Jigsaw, with its PG certification in Cybersecurity?

Related Articles

Please wait while your application is being created.
Request Callback