Data Science is a vast stream and involves handling data in various ways. As a data scientist or IT professional, you should be aware of the best Data Science tools available in the market to complete your work efficiently. Knowing how to use Data Science tools can help you build a bright and promising career in Data Science. According to data science statistics, even though big data and data science are the buzzwords now, 60% of companies still feel it’s hard to find skilled data scientists due to a severe talent shortage. Read on to learn some of the top Data Science tools available in the market!
List of Data Science Tools
SAS (Statistical Analysis System) is one of the oldest Data Science tools in the market. One can perform granular analysis of textual data and can generate insightful reports via SAS. Many data scientists prefer the visually appealing reports generated by SAS. Besides data analysis, SAS is also used to access/retrieve data from various sources. It is widely used for multiple Data Science activities like data mining, time series analysis, econometrics, business intelligence, etc. SAS is platform-independent and is also used for remote computing. One can’t ignore the role of SAS in quality improvement and application development.
Apache Hadoop is an open-source software widely used for the parallel processing of data. Any large file is distributed/split into chunks and then handed over to various nodes. The clusters of nodes are then used for parallel processing by Hadoop. Hadoop consists of a distributed file system responsible for dividing the data into chunks and distributing it to various nodes. Besides the Hadoop File Distribution System, many other Hadoop components are used to parallelly process data, such as Hadoop YARN, Hadoop MapReduce, and Hadoop Common.
Tableau is a data visualization tool that assists in decision-making and data analysis. You can represent data visually in less time by Tableau so that everyone can understand it. Advanced data analytics problems can be solved in less time using Tableau. You don’t have to worry about setting up the data while using Tableau and can stay focused on rich insights. Founded in 2003, Tableau has transformed the way data scientists used to approach Data Science problems. One can make the most of their dataset using Tableau and can generate insightful reports.
TensorFlow is widely used with various new-age technologies like Data Science, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, etc. TensorFlow is a Python library that you can use for building and training Data Science models. You can take data visualization to the next level with the aid of TensorFlow. TensorFlow is easy to use as it is written in Python and is widely used for differential programming. One can deploy Data Science models across various devices using TensorFlow. TensorFlow uses an N-dimensional array as its data type, which is also called a tensor.
BigML is used to build datasets and share them easily with other systems. Initially developed for Machine Learning (ML), BigML is widely used for creating practical Data Science algorithms. You can easily classify data and find the anomalies/outliers in the data set using BigML. The interactive data visualization process of BigML makes it easy for data scientists to make decisions. The Scalable BigML platform is also used for time series forecasting, topic modeling, association discovery tasks, and much more. You can operate on large sets of data using BigML.
Knime is one of the widely used Data Science tools for data reporting, mining, and analysis. Its ability to perform data extraction and transformation makes it one of the essential tools used in Data Science. The Knime platform is open-source and free to use in various parts of the world. It uses ‘Lego of Analytics,’ a data pipelining concept for integrating various components of Data Science. The easy-to-use GUI (Graphical User Interface) of Knime helps perform data science tasks with minimum programming expertise. The visual data pipelines of Knime are used to create interactive views for the given dataset.
RapidMiner is a widely used Data Science software tool because it provides a suitable environment for data preparation. Any Data Science/ML model can be prepared from scratch using RapidMiner. Data scientists can track real-time data using RapidMiner and perform high-end analytics. RapidMiner can perform various other Data Science chores like text mining, predictive analysis, model validation, comprehensive data reporting, etc. The high scalability and security features offered by RapidMiner are also remarkable. Commercial Data Science applications can be developed from scratch using RapidMiner.
Part of Microsoft’s Office tools, Excel is one of the best tools for Data Science freshers. It also helps in understanding the basics of Data Science before moving into high-end analytics. It is one of the essential tools used by data scientists for data visualization. Excel represents the data in a simple way using rows and columns to be understood even by non-technical users. Excel also offers various formulas for Data Science calculations like concatenation, finding average data, summation, etc. Its ability to process large data sets makes it one of the critical tools used for Data Science.
It is one of the best Data Science tools offered by the Apache Software Foundation. Apache Flink can quickly carry out real-time data analysis. Apache Flink is an open-source distributed framework that can perform scalable Data Science computations. Flink offers both pipeline and parallel execution of dataflow diagrams at low latency. An unbounded data stream that does not have a fixed start and endpoint can also be processed using Apache Flink. Apache has a reputation for providing Data Science tools and techniques that can speed up the analysis process. Flink helps data scientists in reducing complexity while real-time data processing.
PowerBI is also one of the essential tools of Data Science integrated with business intelligence. You can combine it with other Microsoft Data Science tools for performing data visualization. You can generate rich and insightful reports from a given dataset using PowerBI. Users can also create their data analytics dashboard using PowerBI. The incoherent sets of data can be turned into coherent sets using PowerBI. You can develop a logically consistent dataset that will generate rich insights using PowerBI. One can generate eye-catching visual reports using PowerBI that non-technical professionals can also understand.
DataRobot is one of the valuable tools required for Data Science operations integrated with ML and Artificial Intelligence. You can drag and drop a dataset quickly on the DataRobot user interface. Its easy-to-use GUI makes data analytics possible for freshers as well as expert data scientists. You can build and deploy more than 100 Data Science models at once via DataRobot and can get rich insights. Enterprises also use it to provide high-end automation to their users/customers. The efficient predictive analysis offered by DataRobot can help you in making intelligent data-based decisions.
Apache Spark is designed for performing Data Science calculations with low latency. Apache Spark can handle interactive queries and stream processing based on the Hadoop MapReduce. It has become one of the best Data Science tools in the market due to its in-memory cluster computing. Its in-memory computing can increase the processing speed significantly. Apache Spark supports SQL queries so that you can derive various relationships among your dataset. Spark also provides various Java, Scala, and Python APIs for developing Data Science applications.
Sap Hana is a relational database management system that makes data storage and retrieval easy. It is a handy tool in Data Science due to its in-memory and column-based data management system. A database storing objects in a geometrical space (spatial data) can be processed using Sap Hana. Various other Data Science activities can be performed using Sap Hana, like text search and analytics, graph data processing, predictive analysis, etc. Its in-memory data storage stores data in the main memory, besides keeping it in any disk, which offers enhanced querying and data processing.
MongoDB is a high-performance database and one of the market’s top Data Science tools. One can store large volumes of data in a collection (MongoDB documents) offered by MongoDB. It provides all the capabilities of SQL and supports dynamic queries. MongoDB stores data in the form of JSON-style documents and offers high data replications capability. Managing Big data is much easier with MongoDB as it provides high data availability. Besides basic database queries, MongoDB can also perform advanced analytics. The high scalability of MongoDB also makes it one of the most widely used Data Science tools.
The Data Science tools and technologies are not limited to databases and frameworks. Choosing the right programming language for Data Science is of utmost importance. Python is used by a lot of data scientists for web scraping. Python offers various libraries designed explicitly for Data Science operations. You can efficiently perform various mathematical, statistical, and scientific calculations with Python. Some of the widely used Python libraries for Data Science are NumPy, SciPy, Matplotlib, Pandas, Keras, etc.
Trifacta is a widely used data science tool for data cleaning and preparation. A cloud data lake that includes a mix of structured and unstructured data can be cleaned using Trifacta. The data preparation process is significantly paced via Trifacta as compared to other platforms. One can easily identify the errors, outliers, etc., in the dataset using Trifacta. You can also prepare data in less time across a multi-cloud environment using Trifacta. You can automate the data visualization process and data pipeline management using Trifacta.
Minitab is a software package that is widely used for data manipulation and analysis. Minitab will help you identify trends and patterns in an unstructured dataset. The dataset, which will be the input for data analysis, can be simplified using Minitab. Minitab also helps data scientists to automate Data Science calculations and graph generation.
While using Minitab, descriptive statistics are displayed based on the entered dataset highlighting various key points in data like mean, median, standard deviation, etc. Besides creating multiple types of graphs with Minitab, you can also perform regression analysis.
R provides a scalable software environment for statistical analysis and is one of the many popular programming languages used in the Data Science sector. Data clustering and classification can be performed in less time using R. Various statistical models can be created using R, supporting both linear and nonlinear modeling. You can perform data cleaning and visualization efficiently via R. R represents the data visually in simple ways so that everyone can understand it. R offers various add-ons for Data Science like DBI, RMySQL, dplyr, ggmap, xtable, etc.
Apache Kafka is a distributed messaging system used to transfer large volumes of data from one application to another. Real-time data pipelines can be constructed in less time using Apache Kafka. Known for its fault tolerance and scalability, Kafka will provide you with zero data loss while transferring data over applications. Apache Kafka works on the publish-subscribe messaging system where publishers convey messages within topics to subscribers. The subscribers can consume all the messages in a topic via the publish-subscribe messaging system.
QlikView is a widely used Data Science tool and is also concerned with business intelligence. QlikView helps data scientists to derive relationships between unstructured data and perform data analysis. You can also demonstrate a visual representation of data relationships via QlikView. One can perform data aggregation and compression via QlikView in less time.
You do not have to spend time determining the relationships between data entities, as QlikView does it for you automatically. Its in-memory data processing provides faster results as compared to other Data Science tools in the market.
MicroStrategy is used by data scientists who are also into business intelligence. Besides enhanced data visualizations and discovery, MicroStrategy offers a wide range of data analytics capabilities. You can connect MicroStrategy to various data warehouses and relational systems to access data, thus adding to its data accessibility/discovery capabilities. You can break unstructured and complex data into smaller chunks of data for better analysis via MicroStrategy. Better data analytics reports can be generated with the help of MicroStrategy and monitoring data in real-time.
Data scientists are spread across various industries/streams, and one of them is digital marketing. It is one of the top Data Science tools used in the digital marketing industry. A web admin can access, visualize, and analyze the website data via Google Analytics to understand the way users interact with the website. The data trail that users leave behind while using a website can be recognized and used to generate better marketing decisions via Google Analytics. Non-technical professionals can also use it to perform data analytics with its high-end analytics and easy-to-use interface.
Julia is another programming language specifically designed for Data Science and is termed the successor of Python by many Data Science experts. With its JIT (Just-in-Time) compilation, Julia can match the speed of popular programming languages like C and C++ during Data Science operations. Julia allows you to perform complex statistical calculations related to Data Science in less time. You can manually control the garbage collection process via Julia, and you don’t even have to worry about memory management. Its math-friendly syntax and automatic memory management have made it one of the most preferred programming languages for Data Science.
Researchers widely use SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) to perform statistical data analysis. SPSS can also be used to process and analyze survey data in less time. One can build predictive models via the Modeler program offered by SPSS.
Surveys contain text data, and SPSS can determine the insights from text data in a survey. You can also create various types of data visualizations via SPSS, like density charts, radial boxplots, etc.
MATLAB is one of the popular Data Science tools used by organizations/enterprises. It is a programming platform designed for data scientists and helps them access data from flat files, databases, cloud platforms, etc. You can perform feature engineering on a given dataset efficiently with MATLAB. The data types of MATLAB are designed explicitly for Data Science and reduce a lot of time in data pre-processing.
Data scientists use a lot of tools to reduce latency and errors while analyzing big data. The above Data Science tools list includes some of the most widely used tools in the industry.
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