There is no question that cloud computing is here to stay because its architecture is simple, stating its components and subcomponents in clear terms. It is ubiquitous today, offering many advantages in terms of flexibility, maintenance, sharing, and storage, among others. Let’s dive in to understand what cloud computing is, what is cloud computing architecture and its components.
Cloud computing refers to a wide range of cloud computing services that are offered through the internet, including storage, databases, software, analytics, and other platforms. This is any service provided without physically being in the same place as the hardware. Cloud computing is used by Netflix, for example, to provide video streaming services. G Suite is another example of a cloud-based service.
Cloud computing is simply a way of delivering on-demand resources (such as servers, databases, software, etc.) over the internet. The cloud platform can also be used to develop, design, and manage applications.
Cloud computing is a vast growing segment in the IT sector. The cloud computing segment of the IT industry accounted for almost 400 billion dollars in revenue in 2021, and it’s unlikely to slow down anytime soon.
There are two components to the cloud computing architecture:
The front end of cloud computing architecture is client-side computing. It pertains to the interfaces, services, and networks that enable a cloud system’s accessibility. Despite the fact that all computing systems will not function as a single interface, we still need to make sure we understand this.
Similarly, cloud computing servers utilize back-end resources. A large part of this component is dedicated to servers, virtualization, security scenarios, data storage, and many other things. In addition, back-end protocol design and traffic congestion reduction mechanisms are the responsibility of the back-end. A bare metal server with an operating system known as a hypervisor runs numerous guest virtual servers concurrently using well-defined protocols. As a communication medium between containers and the outside world, the hypervisor serves as an interface for communication between the two.
Also included in cloud computing architecture layers are cloud-based delivery and cloud services networks. It is possible to deliver cloud services through the internet, either publicly or privately. Both types of scenarios are used by enterprises in some cases.
Let’s go through some of the core benefits of cloud computing architecture:
Infographic Title: Benefits of Cloud computing Architecture
Given below are the different components of cloud computing:
There are three types of cloud system architecture that are briefly explained as follows:
– Software-as-a-Service (SaaS):
Cloud application services are also referred to as cloud computing services. Most SaaS applications can be accessed directly via the web browser, which means that we do not have to download and install them on our computers.
Examples: Google Apps, Hubspot, Salesforce Dropbox, Cisco WebEx
– Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS):
It is also called a cloud platform service. SaaS is quite similar to PaaS, but there is one big difference between them: with SaaS, we can access the software over the internet without the need for a platform, and with PaaS, we can create the software.
Examples: Magento Commerce Cloud, Windows Azure, OpenShift
– Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS):
This type of service is also known as cloud infrastructure services. The department has to manage the application’s data, middleware, and runtime environment.
Examples: Amazon Web Services (AWS) EC2, Cisco Metapod, Google Compute Engine (GCE)
So you now might have a clear view of cloud computing architecture and its components. If not, you must check out UNext’s Cloud Computing course, which will guide you through the deep concepts of cloud computing architecture.